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Showing posts with label notes. Show all posts
Showing posts with label notes. Show all posts

Sunday, June 9, 2024

Artificial Intelligence Feedback on Physician Notes Improves Patient Care

NYU Langone Health
Research, Innovation
Originally posted 17 APR 24

Artificial intelligence (AI) feedback improved the quality of physician notes written during patient visits, with better documentation improving the ability of care teams to make diagnoses and plan for patients’ future needs, a new study finds.

Since 2021, NYU Langone Health has been using pattern-recognizing, machine-learning AI systems to grade the quality of doctors’ clinical notes. At the same time, NYU Langone created data informatics dashboards that monitor hundreds of measures of safety and the effectiveness of care. The informatics team over time trained the AI models to track in dashboards how well doctors’ notes achieved the “5 Cs”: completeness, conciseness, contingency planning, correctness, and clinical assessment.

Now, a new case study, published online April 17 in NEJM Catalyst Innovations in Care Delivery, shows how notes improved by AI, in combination with dashboard innovations and other safety initiatives, resulted in an improvement in care quality across four major medical specialties: internal medicine, pediatrics, general surgery, and the intensive care unit.

This includes improvements across the specialties of up to 45 percent in note-based clinical assessments (that is, determining diagnoses) and reasoning (making predictions when diagnoses are unknown). In addition, contingency planning to address patients’ future needs saw improvements of up to 34 percent.

Last year, NYU Langone added to this long-standing effort a newer form of AI that develops likely options for the next word in any sentence based on how billions of people used language on the internet over time. A result of this next-word prediction is that generative AI chatbots like GPT-4 can read physician notes and make suggestions. In a pilot within the case study, the research team supercharged their machine-learning AI model, which can only give physicians a grade on their notes, by integrating a chatbot that added an accurate written narrative of issues with any note.


The article is linked above.  Here is the abstract:

Abstract

Electronic health records have become an integral part of modern health care, but their implementation has led to unintended consequences, such as poor note quality. This case study explores how NYU Langone Health leveraged artificial intelligence (AI) to address the challenge to improve the content and quality of medical documentation. By quickly and accurately analyzing large volumes of clinical documentation and providing feedback to organizational leadership and individually to providers, AI can help support a culture of continuous note quality improvement, allowing organizations to enhance a critical component of patient care.